How to study for a PhD in Canada ?

How to study for a PhD in Canada ?

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An increasingly attractive and multicultural study destination, Canada is a great option to consider for your doctoral studies. Indeed, this country offers a wealth of research opportunities to help you develop your expertise. More than a third of the country's overall research is done in Canadian universities, and this work contributes billions to the country's economy.

What are the admission requirements?
The requirements to study in Canada at the PhD level vary by university and course, but you generally need the following:
A master's degree in a related field, with good grades and proven ability and research potential.
Proof of language proficiency, whether you study in English or French, if one of these languages ​​is not your mother tongue and you have not studied in any of these languages ​​before languages. (Some programs in French-speaking Quebec are presented in both languages).
A high score on a graduate admission test, such as the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) or the Graduate Record Exam (GRE).
In exceptional cases, you may be able to study a PhD with "accelerated admission", that is, without a master's degree. In this process, you will need to have excellent grades in the last two years of your bachelor's degree (first-class average) and other demonstrations of your high academic potential, such as research publications.

How long does a doctorate take in Canada?
In Canada, most PhDs take about four to six years.

How can I apply for a PhD in Canada?
Although the admissions process may vary from one Canadian university to another, you will generally need to take the following steps to apply for a PhD :
 1. Choose the PhD course you wish to apply for, identifying your supervisor and the chosen research topic. It may be an advertised structured doctorate in which the scope of research is already defined by the university (especially in the field of science) or alternatively (in particular in the field of arts and humanities). Once you have found a supervisor, some universities may request the inclusion of a letter of support from your chosen supervisor in your application.
 2. In the case of an open PhD, you will need to submit a research proposal following the guidelines set by your university and generally specifying what you want to research and why this project is worthwhile.
 3. Apply online by paying the appropriate application fee and enclosing the necessary documents for your application. This could be all or part of the following:
- Statement of Intent - This should describe your background and academic / professional experience, including any relevant awards, publications or experience that you can offer. You must also discuss your career goals and everything stipulated by the university, respecting the maximum number of words.
- Two or three letters of reference (including one of your supervisor). Your references should be academic, if possible.
- University transcripts and diplomas - Canadian universities may require your university to send them an official transcript, which must be written in English or accompanied by a perfectly translated document.
- Sample writing (probably for doctorates in humanities)
- Your Curriculum Vitae (CV)
- Language test results, if necessary
- Portfolio of creative works (if you apply for a doctorate in arts / letters)
Some Canadian universities may also ask you to participate in an intake interview.
 4. Once accepted, the next step is to apply for your study permit, which acts as a student visa for your stay. You must also purchase health insurance and visit your university's website for guidance.

How much does a doctorate cost in Canada?
Doctoral tuition fees in Canada vary by university and course and will generally be about twice that of Canadian students. The University of Toronto is an exception. Most foreign doctoral students pay the same tuition fees as Canadian students starting in the fall of 2018.
To give you an example of the cost of a doctorate in Canada, the University of British Columbia charges C $ 7,641 per year to a master's or PhD program, while PhDs cost  $ 10,240 in the first year .
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